Timeline

 The Man

 The Artist

 The Oeuvre

 

1936


 

Born on November 14, 1936. Although legend places his birth in a cave-house, he is born at what is today Calle Jaime Balmes 35 in Elda (Alicante).

 
 

1948


 

Quits school and start working as a bellhop. Works as an assistant in a photography studio and as a fruit deliveryman.

 

Sees Alberto Lorca and Alejandro Vega in the studio of photographer Gyenes and, impressed by the elegance of his dancing, decides to dedicate himself to dance.

 

1951


 

A neighbor sees him dance and suggests that his mother enroll him in dance school.

 

Attends his first classes at Maestra Palitos' school and takes his first steps towards becoming a professional dancer.

 

First hired as a dancer.

1952


 

Takes the stage name of Antonio Ródenas (his second surname).

 

Harry Fleming hires him to work at Los Cabarets. Debut performances in Madrid, Santander and Barcelona.

 

1953


 

Antonio begins to see the dance as a way of life tailor-made for him.

 

Manuel Castellanos, director of the Festivales de España, sees Gades dance in the Circo Price in Madrid and recommends that Pilar Lopez give him a look.

 

The first dances he performs are Qué rico mambo, El Ole, and Danza del Chivato, the later part of his repertoire for years

1954


 

 

Joins the Ballet Español corps de ballet under the direction of Pilar López, who gives him the stage name Antonio Gades.

 

1956


 

Antonio tries his hand at bullfighting in Aranjuez. His first and last attempt.

 

Pilar López makes him the principle dancer of her company. Tours the world.

 

1957


 

His brother Enrique Esteve joins the company.

 

Pilar López's Ballet Español performs Bizet's Carmen at the Arena di Verona, with Antonio as the male lead

 

Dancing Bizet's Carmen is his first contact with this classic that he will later take to the big screen and ballet

1959


 

 

Starts participating in other performances when he's not working with Pilar López. Gradually, his own personality as a dancer begins to take shape.

 

Participates in the performance of L'Histoire du Soldat, the cutting edge of avant-garde music and theater.

1960


 

 

Pilar López's Ballet Español tours Japan. The company makes the trip by boat.

 

Participates as a soloist in Pilar López's entire repertoire as the undisputed principal dancer of her company.

1961


 

 

Stars in numerous performances in Ireland, Holland and Spain. Begins to forge his role as an independent director.

Participates in the Paris Festival of Nations as well as festivals in Edinburgh, Osaka, the Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto and the Damascus International Fair.

 

 

Decides to explore new frontiers; leaves Pilar López's company and moves to Italy.

 

Gives his last performance with Ballet España at the Royal Albert Hall in London.

 

EL RETABLO DE DON CRISTOBAL

1962


 

Nine months as a choreographer and principal dancer at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan. Joins Marienma's company as his artistic partner.

 

Dances at the Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto where he performs Pavane pour une infante défunte with Carla Fracci and El Amor Brujo with Luciana Novaro and Elettra Morini.

 

Performs Carmen (Schippers, Menotti) at the Teatro dell'Opera di Roma. And Ravel's Bolero with Anton Dolin. Rejoins Pilar López's company to perform in Las Palmas.

 

Film director Rovira Beleta casts him to play in his film Los Tarantos, starring Carmen Amaya.

 

Contractual issues with Pilar López prevent him from performing the lead role in Los Tarantos.

 

Los Tarantos will prove a definitive boost to his career. Starts shaping the idea of forming a company of his own.

1963


January


 

After his experience in Italy he moves to Paris for three months.

 

Takes classes from Madame Nora and Madame Tikhonova. His interest in painting and literature is sparked.

 

Creates his first company with Emilio de Diego, José de la Peña, Félix Ordónez and Curra Jiménez.

September


 

 

Los Tarantos will be the definitive recognition of his career as a dancer.

 

Los Tarantos, directed by Rovira Beleta and starring Carmen Amaya, opens.

October


 

Carmen Amaya dies. Antonio closes all the tablaos in Barcelona in mourning.

 

Receives his first major contract as a soloist to inaugurate the newly created Tablao Los Tarantos in Barcelona.

 

Premieres La Seguriya y la Farruca at the Tablao Los Tarantos. Los Tarantos is nominated for an Oscar.

 

Meets Vicente Escudero during his stay in Barcelona.

 

Tours Catalonia with his first company.

 

1964


February


 

 

Gets his first major contract in Madrid after his success in Barcelona and performs with the group at El Corral de la Morería in Madrid.

 

October


 

Receives a proposal to work at the New York World's Fair in the Spanish Pavilion for 1,000 dollars a day.

 

Performs for three weeks in San Juan de Puerto Rico.

 

1965


January


 

Marries actress Marujita Diaz. Named Flamenco Person of the Year. Performs at the Kennedy Memorial in Dallas.

 

After three months of success at the New York World's Fair, his contract is extended for six more months and he receives the Tourism Medal of Merit from Manuel Fraga.

 

Films Pleasure Seekers and Solomon and Sheba in Hollywood. Keeps La Danza del Chivato in his repertoire.

 

Uses the money he earned in the United States to become involved with an extremely ambitious project: Don Juan, with libretto by Alfredo Mañas.

 

Performs at nightclubs across Spain on back-to-back tours. Films and premieres the movie With the East Wind.

 

Don Juan opens at the Teatro de la Zarzuela, with music by García Abril and choreography by José Granero. It was a complete fiasco because of censorship.

December


 

Divorces Marujita Diaz.

 

Dances for President Johnson at the White House in a posthumous tribute to J. F. Kennedy.

 

After the fiasco of Don Juan, he performs at the Las Brujas tablao in Madrid.

1966


January


 

Meets Picasso at the Cannes International Film Festival.

 

After his meeting with Picasso and Rafael Alberti, he feels part of a group of exiled artists committed to Spanish culture.

 

March


 

Receives the Gold Medal from the Círculo de Bellas Artes for his '64-'65 dance season with Lola Flores. Performs at the Villa de Gina Lollobrigida.

 

Performs in Valencia and Seville and launches his first big American tour in Venezuela, Colombia and Chile with Antonio Eceiza.

 

August


 

Participates actively in the Festivales de España on a whirlwind tour.

 

Performs with his company in León, Logroño, Valladolid, San Sebastián, Palma de Mallorca, Coruña, Palencia, Vitoria, Salamanca, Barcelona and Madrid.

 

September


 

 

Returns to El Corral de la Morería in Madrid.

 

December


 

Receives the Carmen Amaya Award and the Vicente Escudero Award for Dance and Choreography in Valladolid.

 

 

Films El Amor Brujo, directed by Rovira Beleta, together with La Polaca.

1967


January


 

Records the album Antonio Gades, which includes much of his flamenco repertoire.

 

Performs on Noches del Sábado and Estrellas de la Noche, the most popular programs on RTVE, the Spanish public radio and TV service.

 

Premiere of Rovira Beleta's El Amor Brujo, a film that earned an Oscar nomination.

June


 

 

Second major South American tour to Argentina, Colombia, Peru, Mexico and Brazil.

 

August


 

 

Spanish tour, performing in San Sebastián, Salou, Lugo, Marbella, Cádiz and Málaga.

 

October


 

Fidel Castro invites him to visit Cuba.

 

Performances in Lugo and Salamanca.

 

November


 

Takes a six-month break in Cadaqués, Girona.

 

 

Antonio Eceiza's film El último encuentro opens.

1968


May


 

Short stay in Paris.

 

Performance in Lima as part of a South American tour.

 

August


 

Meets with Salvador Dalí in Cadaqués while on a short tour of Catalonia (Palamós, Sant Feliú, Cap sa Sal and Rosas).

 

Travels to Milan to put on El Capricho Español at the Teatro alla Scala with Elektra Morinni. Performances in San Sebastián, Santander and Tarragona.

 

El Capricho Español by Rimsky Korsakov.

October


 

Performs at Rome's Boccacio nightclub at a party organized by Pippers.

 

Arrives in Milan to dance El Capricho Español with Elettra Morinni to open the season at La Scala.

 

December


 

Cristina Hoyos, married at the time to Félix Ordóñez, an Antonio Gades Company dancer, joins the company to replace Curra Jiménez.

 

Performs La Muerte de Don Juan with La Farruca on the Galas del Sábado program on RTVE.

 

1969


January


 

Meets Salvador Dalí in Paris, where he receives the famous 'kiss of glory'.

 

Presentation of Cristina Hoyos as the principal dancer of his company at the Odéon-Théâtre in Paris.

 

Receives the Critic's Gold Medal Award.

 

 

Films La Jota, numbers from Suite Flamenca and Ensueño for RTVE, his first choreography together with Pilar López.

 

April


 

Rafael Alberti dedicates his famous poem to him during a performance in Rome.

 

Performances in Barcelona, Rome, London and the Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto, Italy.

 

May


 

 

Performances in Valladolid, Zaragoza, Zamora and Budapest.

 

December


 

 

Performances in Oviedo and Pontevedra. Performs at the Teatro Lirico in Milan until January 6th, 1970.

 

Takes El Amor Brujo, choreographed for La Scala in 1962, to the Chicago opera, dancing the role of ' 'El Espectro'.

1970


January


 

Receives the Critics' Syndicate Award for Best Choreography of the 1968/1969 seasons.

 

Performances in Lyon, Toulousse, and at the Odéon-Théâtre in Paris.

 

March


 

Debut at the Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid with performances from February 26 to March 3.

 

Returns to Paris to perform at the Boulogne Cultural Center. Three-month stint at Sadler's Well Theatre in London.

 

May


 

 

Performances in Bilbao, Burgos, Cuenca and the Canary Islands. Performances in Lausanne and Trieste (Italy).

 

June


 

Tours Spain, performing in Toledo, León, Badajoz, Santander, Tarragona, Córdoba, Cáceres and Plasencia.

 

Performs at the Spoletto and Flanders (Antwerp) festivals, at the Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels, at the Budapest and Geneva opera houses.

 

July


 

 

Performances at the Palacio de Deportes in Madrid from July 7 - 10.

 

August


 

Continues his tour of Spanish tour (Santander, Cádiz).

 

Peforms at La Arboleda nightclub in Palamós with Charles Aznavour.

 

October


 

Returns to Palamós and performs in Trujillo and San Sebastián, where he closes the XXXI Quincena Musical and participates in the XIII Festivales de España.

 

North American tour (New York, Washington, San Diego, Tucson, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Santa Barbara, San Mateo, Fresno and Tampa).

 

December


 

 

Performs at the Teatro Olimpico in Rome and Florence.

 

1971


April


 

End his relationship with Pilar Sanclemente, a dancer and member of his company with whom he has two children, Elsa and Ignacio.

 

Performances in Budapest and Trieste (Italy).

 

June


 

 

Spends the season in Buenos Aires. Performance in Verona.

 

July


 

 

Kicks off a Spanish tour at the Festivales de España (Burgos, Coruña, Granada, Aranda de Duero, Ciudad Real, Bilbao, and Manzanares el Real).

 

August


 

 

Spanish tour of Santander, Tarragona, Elche, Palamós, Alicante, Motril, Torrevieja, Cádiz, Baracaldo, Reus, Albacete, Córdoba, Málaga, Benidorm and Coruña.

 

October


 

 

Spanish tour, Festivales de España (San Sebastián, Linares, Bilbao, Yecla, Úbeda, Madrid (Florida Park nightclub), and Aranjuez. Performs at the IX Festival Internacional de Música in Barcelona.

 

December


 

Receives the 1970/1971 National Theater Award for Best Choreographic Performance.

 

Performance in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

 

1972


February


 

Buys his first boat, 'Alpargata', and docks it in Altea.

 

Performs the choreography of the opera Carmen by Bizet in Palermo (Sicily).

 

Films a scene in the film Fortunata y Jacinta produced by Emiliano Piedra, dancing in Madrid's Plaza Mayor.

April


 

 

Performances during the months of April and May in Leningrad.

 

May


 

Performances in Helsinki and Oslo. Performs in Budapest.

 

Performs El Amor Brujo by Manuel de Falla at the Teatro Olimpico in Rome and at La Scala in Milan.

 

July


 

 

Performances in Lausanne, Zurich and Geneva and tours in Germany and Japan. Performances in Llançá (Girona) and Salou.

 

August


 

 

Month-long season at Teatro Avenida in Buenos Aires.

 

October


 

Performance in Bogotá (Colombia) and start of a North American tour (Washington, New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Tucson, Santa Barbara, San Mateo, Fresno and Tampa).

 

After returning from his American tour he performs at an event in Priego (Córdoba).

 

December


 

Receives the 1971/1972 National Theater Award for Best Choreographic Performance.

 

Tours Mexico, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Performances at the National Theater in Rabat and Tétouan (Morocco).

 

1973


February


 

ACE Awards in New York for his choreography and performance in El Amor Brujo.

 
 

March


 

 

Performance at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York. Performance in Pontevedra.

 

June


 

 

Recital at the Vigo casino and performances in Valladolid, Huelva, Baracaldo, Toledo, Cáceres and Palma de Mallorca. Contracts in Milan and Wiesbaden (Germany).

 

August


 

 

Tour with Festivales de España: Playa de Aro, Tarragona, Cartagena, Murcia, Vigo, Ciudad Real, Cádiz, Santander, Nerja, Laredo, Seville...

 

Festivales de España (cont.): Almería, Denia, Avila, San Sebastián, Bilbao, Málaga, Torrelavega, Albacete, Llançá, Oviedo and Torremolinos.

September


 

Participates in the XVIII Festival Internacional in Seville. Performs in Helsinki.

 

Ends the Spanish tour with performances in Badajoz, Lérida, Oviedo, Ronda, Teatro Liceo in Barcelona, Manresa and back to Vigo at the Teatro Nova Olimpia.

 

Rehearses Bodas de Sangre at the Amor de Dios studios in Madrid.

October


 

Participates in the II Festival Internacional de Ballet at the Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid.

 

Performances in Germany, Badalona and Sabadell. Kicks off the season at the Teatro Victoria in Barcelona from October 30 to November 4.

 

1974


January


 

 

Participates in the national homage that all artists give to Vicente Escudero at the Teatro Monumental in Madrid.

 

April


 

Pilar López retires.

 

Performances in Paris. Peforms on the Teatro 10 program for Italian broadcaster RAI.

 

Premieres the Bodas de Sangre ballet at the Teatro Olimpico in Rome (April 2).

July


 

 

Performs at Cafe d'Anvers and starts his German tour. Moves to South America to perform in Buenos Aires. He also performs in Caracas, Bogotá and Lima.

 

September


 

 

Kicks off the Festivales de España with performances in Vigo, Zaragoza, Barcelona, Murcia and Valladolid.

 

October


 

 

Performances in Oviedo, Sabadell and the Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels.

 

Presents Bodas de Sangre at the Teatro Monumental in Madrid as part of the III Festival Internacional de Danza.

December


 

María is born in Mar del Plata (Argentina), the first of the three daughters from his relationship with Pepa Flores, popularly known as Marisol.

 

Returns to South America to continue his performances in Buenos Aires.

 

1975


March


 

Receives the Festivales de España Trophy. 'Estrella del Mar' Award for the Best National and International Dance and Choreography Show in Argentina.

 

Continues his South American tour.

 

Receives the Vicente Escudero Dance and Choreography Award for Bodas de Sangre.

May


 

 

Ends his South American tour with performances in Bogotá, Medellin and Cali. Travels to Cuba to tour the country with his company.

 

June


 

 

Peforms at the Danza 75 International Festival in Venice and opens the season at the Teatro Monumental in Madrid.

 

August


 

 

Starts the Festivales de España with performances in Valencia, Tarragona, Alicante, Gijón, Segovia, Santander, Avila, Marbella, Palamós, Malaga, Vitória, Guadalajara, Denia, San Sebastián.

 

October


 

 

Festivales de España (cont.): ...Guadalajara, Denia, San Sebastián, Lérida, Seville, Salamanca, Oviedo, Valladolid, Alicante, Tenerife and Las Palmas.

 

November


 

 

Participates in several editions of the new RTVE program 'Canciones de Nuestra Vida'.

 

December


 

During a performance in Bologna, he learns of Franco's executions and decides to retire from dance.

 

Moves to Altea with his partner Pepa Flores to start a new life.

 

1976


March


 
 

 

Films Mario Camus' Los días del pasado with Pepa Flores, playing the role of a member of the resistance.

August


 

Tamara, his second daughter with Pepa Flores, is born.

 
 

1977


 

 

Moves to Cuba, where he will begin putting together Ad Libitum with Alicia Alonso and will play the role of Don Hilarion in Giselle.

 

1978


January


 

Antonio returns to the stage after a two-year absence.

 

He learns many of the professional principles that he will apply in the future during his time in Cuba.

 

The pas de deux Ad Libitum, choreographed by Alberto Méndez and performed by Antonio and Alicia Alonso, premieres in Havana.

March


 

 

Presents Ad Libitum and Giselle in New York with the Cuban National Ballet.

 

The film Los Días del Pasado opens in Madrid.

1979


April


 

Jesús Aguirre, Duke of Alba and General Director of Music and Theater, offers him the job of director of the newly created Spanish National Ballet.

 

 

Premieres his Bodas de Sangre with the Cuban National Ballet.

May


 

 

Success of the Spanish National Ballet at the Festival Internacional Cervantino in Guanajuato (Mexico).

 

June


 

 

Presents the Spanish National Ballet in Valencia and Granada.

 

July


 

Receives the Gold Medal at the Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto.

 

Performances with the National Ballet in Alicante, Segovia, Avila, Mérida and Gijón and at the Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto.

 

September


 

 

Begins a Spanish tour with the National Ballet, performing in Barcelona, Santander, Nerja, Cartagena, San Sebastián, Valladolid, Oviedo and Trujillo.

 

Performances in Berlin and Frankurt.

November


 

 

Performances with the Spanish National Ballet in Madrid and Seville, and trip to Cuba. Tour of Venezuela and Colombia with the Spanish National Ballet.

 

1980


January


 
 

 

Films the movie Con el culo al aire.

February


 

Receives the Limón Award.

 

Performs in Hong Kong. The Spanish National Ballet performs in Pamplona.

 

March


 

Terminated as director of the Spanish National Ballet by the then Minister of Culture, Ricardo de la Cierva.

 

Antonio says that "the Spanish National Ballet was the only public ballet that made money".

 

June


 

Founds the Independent Group of Dance Artists (GIAD), together with members of the Spanish National Ballet.

 

The GIAD debuts in Pamplona and Valencia.

 

September


 

Continues performances with the GIAD in Marbella, Cádiz, Salamanca, Aspe, Barcelona and Tel-Aviv.

 
 

December


 

Vicente Escudero dies.

 

Travels to Argentina to perform in Buenos Aires and starts touring. Various performances in Havana.

 

Starts filming Bodas de Sangre with Carlos Saura.

1981


January


 

 

Mexican tour.

 

The GIAD performs El Rango by Rafael Aguilar, with Antonio playing the role of Bernarda Alba.

March


 

 

Starts a tour of Argentina: Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Rosario and La Plata.

 

Con el culo al airepremieres.
Carlos Saura's film Bodas de Sangre opens.

May


 

Celia, his third daughter with Pepa Flores, is born.

 

Memorable performance of the GIAD at the Palacio de Deportes in Madrid.

 

Presents Bodas de Sangre at the Cannes Film Festival.

September


 

Santander Film Festival Award for the movie Bodas de Sangre.

 

Performances in Paris and Venice. The Festival de España begins with performances in Coruña, Oviedo, Gijón, Palencia and Valladolid.

Performs with the GIAD at the I International Dance Festival in Madrid, celebrated at the Sala Olimpia. The GIAD breaks up after these performances.

 

December


 

After six years, Antonio rebuilds his company with several members of the GIAD; the remaining members create the Spanish Ballet of Madrid.

 

Travels to South America with his new company to perform in Caracas, Guayana, Tamara and Maracaibo. Starts the season in Barcelona, then performs in Murcia, Logroño and Zaragoza.

 

1982


February


 

 

Performances in Valencia and Paris.

 

Filming for Carmen, his second film with Carlos Saura, starts.

May


 

 

Performances in Toledo and Arles (France) and tour of Italy, including Milan, Rome, and San Remo.

 

September


 

 

Performs in San Sebastián, Gijón, Edinburgh, Martigues (France) and a new tour in Italy: Verona, Nevi, Torino, and Arenzano.

 

October


 

After ten years and three daughters, Antonio and Pepa Flores are married in Cuba. The godparents will be Fidel Castro and Alicia Alonso.

 

Various performances in Cuba.

 

December


 

Receives the Annual Award from the Spanish Society of Authors and Publishers (SGAE).

 
 

1983


March


 

 

The Nancy National Ballet (France) premieres Bodas de Sangre.

 

Premiere of the film Carmen, directed by Carlos Saura, to resounding success. Begins putting together the ballet version of Carmen.

May


 

Carmen receives the Best Artistic Contribution Award and the Technical Grand Prize at Cannes.

 

Performs in Paris from May 17 to June 5.

 

World premiere of the ballet Carmen at the Paris Opera.

June


 

Receives the Gold Medal for Fine Arts from the Ministry of Culture. Santander's 'Bisonte Cántabro' Film Award for Carmen.

 

Performs with Carmen in Barcelona, Lausanne and Zurich, and participates in the Festival de Peralada.

 

Begins filming Rossi's Carmen in Ronda, Bizet's opera with P. Domingo, J. Migenes and R. Raimondi

October


 

Performs in several French cities: Chateauvallon, Dijon and Marseille.

 

Performances in Santander, San Sebastián, La Coruña, Gijón, Vigo, Toronto and Strasbourg.

 

December


 

 

Continues performances in Frances: Paris, Montpellier and Lyon.

 

Saura's Carmen is nominated for an Oscars for Best Foreign Language Film.

1984


January


 
 

 

The movie Carmen is nominated for a Golden Globe and a 1984 César Award in France.

February


 

Carmen wins the award for Best Foreign Language Film in Japan, and the award for Best Foreign Language Film in Germany.

 

Performs with his company in Paris.

 

March


 

Separates from Pepa Flores.

 

Continues performing in Paris.

 

Receives the 'Luis Buñuel' Award for Cinematographic Figure of the Year along with Paco Rabal and José Luís García.

June


 

 

Presentation of Carmen at the Teatro Monumental in Madrid. The original run of 15 days and is extended to three months. Performances in Lausanne and Zurich.

 

September


 

 

Performs at the festivals in Spoleto and Peralada, tours Italy (Genoa, Palermo, Castellnouvo, Marseille, Modena, Cáglari, Sardinia, San Remo, Verona, Nervi and Marina de Pietrasanta).

 

December


 

Receives the "Silver Mask" Award for Dance for Carmen from the Campione d'Italia Casino in the Province of Northern Como.

 

 

Continues performances in Italy: Milan, Bologna, Turin, Florence, Modena, Líccia, Pístoia, Reggio Emilia, Ferrara, Parma, Bari, Lecce, Peruggia, Palermo and Genoa.

1985


February


 

Named Honorary Citizen of Washington.

 

Tours North America and Canada (Washington, New York, Ottawa and Montreal).

 

May


 

British Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

 

German tour (Festspielhaus, Wiesbadener, Frankfurt, Ludwigshaufen, Bregenz and Munich) and also performs in Brussels.

 

August


 

Jury member at the Moscow Film Festival.

 

Works at the Palais des Congrès in Paris from June 4 to 30.

Peforms at the Verona, Alicante and Navarre festivals.

 

Filming of El Amor Brujo (directed by Saura) begins.

December


 

 

Travels to Tel-Aviv to perform with his company.

Performances in Vienna and Graz.

 

The book 'Carmen' by Saura-Torrente is released.

1986


March


 

 

Starts a Swiss tour.

Performs in Tel-Aviv and Palma de Mallorca.

 

La Farruca at the Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto.

Premiere of Saura's El Amor Brujo.

June


 

Receives an Honorary Diploma from the World Peace Council.

 

Performs in Valencia and Messina (Italy). Starts tours in Japan and the USSR.

 

El Amor Brujo is screened at the Cannes Film Festival.

August


 

 

Participates in the V Festival Internacional de Itálica in Seville and performs in Carcassonne (France), Madrid, Segovia and in the Royal Palace of Olite.

 

October


 

His father dies in Madrid.

 

Kicks off the season at the Teatro Liceu in Barcelona and performs in Alcalá de Henares (Madrid) and Seville.

 

December


 

Receives the Conquest Award for Best in Profession.

Nominated as Person of the Year.

 

Performs in Amsterdam, Munich, Hamburg and Frankfurt.

 

1987


April


 

His brother Enrique Esteve dies.

 

Performs in Prague.

Start a German tour.

 

July


 

Jury member at the Moscow Film Festival.

 
 

December


 

Receive the 'Catavinos de Plata' Award from the Casa de Andalusia in Madrid.

 

Starts a Cuban tour.

 

1988


February


 

 

Cristina Hoyos leaves the company.

 

May


 

Receives the National Dance Award.

 

Start a Brazilian tour.

Performs in Buenos Aires, La Plata and Montevideo.

 

June


 

 

Performs in Granada, Rome and at the Festival de Peralada.

 

October


 

Marries Daniela Frey.

 

Performs at the Bienal de Flamenco in Seville and in Sabadell and Girona.

 

November


 

 

Participates in the Berlin Film Festival.

Performs at the Cairo Opera House.

 

December


 

 

Stages and performs Bodas de Sangre at the Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid on the 10th anniversary of the creation of the Spanish National Ballet.

 

1989


March


 

 

Performs at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris from January 26 to March 2.

 

World premiere of Fuego at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris.

April


 

 

Performs at the Palais des Sports in Paris and in Hendaye.

 

August


 

 

Kicks off a long Japanese tour in Seoul.

 

November


 

 

Performs in Brussels.

 

1990


March


 

Receives the Annual Award from the Gran Teatro in Havana.

 

Italian tour (Reggio Emilia, Cremona, Florence, Bari, Bologna, Sassari, Turin, Modena, Ferrara, Milan), ending in Lausanne.

 

April


 

Premio Internazionale Gino Tani per le Arti dello Spettacolo.

 
 

1991


November


 

 

Japanese tour (Tokyo, Ossaka, Fukuoka, Matsuo, and Sagamihara).

 

December


 

Decides to take a personal and artistic break.

 
 

1992


 

Makes his first transatlantic voyage with his ship 'Corso', sailing from Ibiza to Havana.

 
 

1994


January


 

 

The world premiere of...

 

Fuenteovejuna at the Teatro Carlo Felice in Genoa.

September


 

 

Production of Fuenteovejuna begins.

 

1995


March


 

 

Tour of Japan from January 12 to February 20.

Tour of the Canary Islands (Tenerife, Las Palmas, Lanzarote).

 

May


 

 

Spanish premiere of Fuenteovejuna at the Teatro de La Maestranza in Seville. Performances in Santander, Córdoba, Murcia, Vitoria and Valladolid.

 

July


 

 

Performances in Granada, Vigo, Coruña and Santiago de Compostela, Festival de Peralada, Palermo, Aix-en-Provence, Athens, Thessaloniki and the island of Rhodes.

 

September


 

 

Tour of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay.

 

December


 

 

Kicks off the season at the Teatro Arriaga in Bilbao and then at the Teatro Victoria in Barcelona.

Performs in Sassari.

 

1996


January


 

 

Performs at the Teatro Carlo Felice in Genoa and later travels to Jakarta (Indonesia).

 

May


 

 

Performances in Montecarlo, Bregenz, Glasgow and Istanbul.

May performances at the Sadler's Wells Theatre in London.

 

July


 

 

Peforms in Lyon, Roven, Perpignan, Carcasonne, Verona, Comacchio and Ravenna. Tour of Cuba (Guantanamo, Santiago de Cuba and Havana).

 

September


 

 

Performances in Jakarta (Indonesia), followed by the season opening at the Teatro Victoria in Barcelona from September 5 to 29.

 

October


 

 

German tour starts (Ludwigshaffen, Friedrichshaffen and Frankfurt) and continues later in Luxembourg, Nice and Lausanne.

 

December


 

 

Performs in Zurich and later at the Teatro Olimpico in Rome.

Italian tour (Bologna, Ferrara, Pavia, Rome, Milan, Udine and Regio Emilia).

 

1997


February


 

 

Starts Asian tour (Hong Kong, Tokyo, Nagasaki, Takamatsu, Osaka, Nagoya, Shizuoka, Hiroshima, Sapporo).

 

April


 

 

French tour (Merignac, Blagnac, Nîmes, Avignon, Vannes, Nantes, Brest, Le Mans, Metz, chalons en Champagne, Saint Chamont) and performance in Monthey (Switzerland).

 

July


 

 

Performances in England (Glasgow and London from May 13 to June 8). Performs in Montpellier, Marseilles and Pamplona.

 

October


 

 

Starts the season at the Teatro Lope de Vega in Madrid from September 11 to October 19.

 

December


 

 

Trip to Toronto from October 22 to November 9.

Performances in Brussels, Charleroi, Antwerp, Ostend and Vienna.

 

1998


February


 

 

Performs in Paris from January 28 to February 8.

 

March


 

 

Performs in Berlin from February 17 to March 8. Performs in Miramás, Voiron, Trembray, Merignac, Bourges, Meauc, Roubaix, Cannes, Corsica and Bastia.

 

May


 

XV 'Comas del Cante' Award. MAX Performing Arts Awards for Best Choreographer for Fuenteovejuna and Best Dancer for Carmen.

 

Performs in Strasbourg, Bayonne, Valencia, Murcia, Elda, Cáceres, Málaga and Jerez.

 

August


 

 

Starts touring in Spain, France and Italy.

 

1999


March


 

 

French and Swiss tour (Monthey and Sochaaux).

Performances in Avilés, Gijón, Valencia and Vancouver (Canada).

 

October


 

Doctor Honoris Causa in Art from the Havana Art Institute.

Decides to take a personal and artistic break.

 
 

2001


January


 

National Award from the School of Flamencology for Flamenco Dance Mastery.

 

Begins producing Fuenteovejuna for the Spanish National Ballet.

 

November


 
 

 

Premiere of Fuenteovejuna with the Spanish National Ballet at the Teatro de la Maestranza in Seville.

2002


March


 

Audience Award at the VI Jerez Festival and Critics Award.

 
 

May


 

Calle Alcalá Award at the Madrid Flamenco Festival.

II Performing Arts Competition Award from Castile-La Mancha.

 
 

July


 

Fuenteovejuna at the Teatro Real. Meets Eugenia Eiriz.

 

 

The Spanish National Ballet performs Fuenteovejuna at the Teatro Real in Madrid. Andalusian Dance Company at the Generalife Festival in Granada with Bodas de Sangre.

October


 

Cadiz Iberoamerican Theater Festival Award.

 
 

December


 

'Giraldillo Extraordinario' Award at the Bienal de Flamenco in Seville.

 
 

2003


April


 

Lifetime Tribute at the XV International Dance Day Gala in Madrid.

Dedication of a stall at the Teatro Principal in Alicante. Named Honorary President of 'Cap per la Pau' Civic Platform in Calpe.

 
 

May


 

Tribute from the Sindicato Dos Professionais Da Danca in Rio de Janeiro.

 
 

August


 

Homage and recognition for his close relationship with the Festival Internacional de Santander.

 
 

November


 

Sails from Altea on his second transatlantic journey to Havana.

 
 

2004


May


 

Creates the Antonio Gades Foundation.

 
 

June


 

Receives the Order of José Martí in Havana from Fidel Castro.

 
 

July


 

Dies on the 20th in Madrid.

 
 

October


 

Receives the Tribute from the XIII Bienal de Flamenco in Seville.

 
 

2005


April


 

Posthumously named Father of Flamenco by the Flamenco Association at the University of Murcia for his 50 years in Spanish dance.

 

 

Tribute by the Conservatory of Murcia at the Teatro Roma with the production of two scenes of Carmen performed by conservatory students.

July


 
 

 

Presentation of the Antonio Gades Foundation's ANTONIO GADES photography book at the Spanish Society of Authors and Publishers (SGAE).

August


 

 

Presentation of the new Antonio Gades Company at the Teatro Romano in Verona with Carmen.

 

September


 

Tribute by the Spanish Society of Authors and Publishers (SGAE) and the Antonio Gades Foundation at the Teatro de la Zarzuela, with Sara Baras, Aída Gómez, Manolete, and Paco Ibáñez and his company.